Equip Ideologically To Challenge The RSS


- Shamsul Islam


Friends from India and abroad who are concerned about the increasing threats to the democratic-secular Indian polity from the Hindutva organizations have been writing to me for preparing a concise document on the anti-national game-plan of the RSS and other like-minded offshoots. The need of such a document is rightly felt for countering the Hindutva propaganda at all levels. The following document is an attempt to accomplish this objective. It is hoped that equipped with this document all those who love India as a democratic-secular nation would be able to challenge the fountain-head of the Hindutva politics. This document is based solely on the documents drawn from the RSS archives.

This document underlines the following cardinal principles of the RSS world view:










Doubtlessly Hitler is a great hero for RSS. The RSS as great champions of Hindutva want to deprive minorities of their all civil and human rights shamelessly and openly adhering to the totalitarian models of Hitler. This fascist outlook towards minorities specially Muslims and Christians was clearly elaborated by the senior ideologue of the RSS, MS Golwalkar, in his book, We or Our Nationhood Defined. This book published in the year 1939, gives an insight into the thinking of the RSS leadership. We find Golwalkar in this book idealizing the Nazi cultural nationalism of Hitler in the following words: "German Race pride has now become the topic of the day. To keep up the purity of the Race and its culture, Germany shocked the world byher purging the country of the Semitic Racesthe Jews. Race pride at its highest has been manifested here. Germany has also shown howwell-nigh impossible it is for Races and cultures, having differencesgoing to the root, to be assimilated into one united whole, a goodlesson for us in Hindusthan to learn and profit by." [MS Golwalkar, We Or Our Nationhood Defined, Bharat Publications, Nagpur, 1939, p. 35.].

Golwalkar unhesitatingly wanted to model his Hindu Rashtra or Nation on Hitler's totalitarian and fascist pattern as is clear from the following words of his in the same book: "It is worth bearing well in mind how these old Nations solve theirminorities [sic] problem. They do not undertake to recognize any separateelement in their polity. Emigrants have to get themselves naturallyassimilated in the principal mass of the population, the National Race,by adopting its culture and language and sharing in its aspirations, bylosing all consciousness of their separate existence, forgetting theirforeign origin. If they do not do so, they live merely as outsiders,bound by all the codes and conventions of the Nation, at the sufferance of the Nation and deserving no special protection, far lessany privilege or rights. There are only two courses open to the foreign elements, either to merge themselves in the national race and adopt its culture, or to live at its mercy so long as the national race may allow them to do so and to quit the country at the sweet will of the national race. That is the only sound view on the minorities [sic] problem. That is the only logical and correct solution. That alone keeps the national life healthy and undisturbed. That alone keeps the nation safe from the danger of a cancer developing into its body politic of the creation of a state within a state." [MS Golwalkar, We Or Our Nationhood Defined, Bharat Publications, Nagpur, 1939, p. 47.]


RSS and its fraternal organization, Hindu Mahasabha were very angry when Indian Constituent Assembly adopted a democratic-Secular Constitution under the supervision of Dr. BR Ambedkar. VD Savarkar as leader of Hindutva believed:

Manusmriti is that scripture which is most worship-able afterVedas for our Hindu Nation and which from ancient timeshas become the basis of our culture-customs, thought andpractice. This book for centuries has codified the spiritualand divine march of our nation. Even today the rules whichare followed by crores of Hindus in their lives and practiceare based on Manusmriti. Today Manusmriti is HinduLaw”. [VD Savarkar, 'Women in Manusmriti' in Savarkar Samagar (collection of Savarkar's writings in Hindi), vol. 4, Prabhat, Delhi, p. 416.]

The democratic-secular Indian Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949, RSSEnglish organ, Organizer in an editorial on November 30, 1949, complained: “But in our constitution there is no mention of the unique constitutionaldevelopment in ancient Bharat. Manu's Laws were written longbefore Lycurgus of Sparta or Solon of Persia. To this day his laws asenunciated in the Manusmriti excite the admiration of the world andelicit spontaneous obedience and conformity. But to our constitutionalpundits that means nothing”.

How loyal the RSS is to the Constitution of India can be known by the following statement of Golwalkar: Our Constitution too is just a cumbersome and heterogeneous piecing together of various articles from various Constitutions of the Western countries. It has absolutely nothing which can be called our own. Is there a single word of reference in its guiding principles as to what our national mission is and what our keynote in life is? No! [MS Golwalkar, Bunch of Thoughts, Sahitya Sindhu, Bangalore, 1996, p. 238.]


Golwalkar, the most prominent ideologue of the RSS like Savarkar, believed that Casteism was a natural integral part of Hinduism. In fact, Golwalkar went to the extent of declaring that Casteism was synonymous with the Hindu nation. According to him, the Hindu people are none else but,

"the Virat Purusha, the Almighty manifesting himself… [according to purusha sukta] sun and moon are his eyes, the stars and the skies are created from his nabhi [navel] and Brahmin is the head, Kshatriya the hands, Vaishya the thighs and Shudra the feet. This means that the people who have this fourfold arrangement, i.e., the Hindu People, is [sic] our God. This supreme vision of Godhead is the very core of our concept of ‘nation' and has permeated our thinking and given rise to various unique concepts of our cultural heritage.[Italics as in the original] [MS Golwalkar, Bunch of Thoughts, Sahitya Sindhu, Bangalore, 1996, pp. 36-37.]


The English organ of the RSS,Organizer (dated August 14, 1947) carried afeature titled 'mystery behind the bhagwa dhawaj' (saffronflag) which while demanding hoisting of saffron flag at theramparts of Red Fort in Delhi, openly denigrated the choiceof the Tri-colour as the National Flag in the following words: "The people who have come to power by the kick of fate maygive in our hands the Tricolour but it never be respected andowned by Hindus. The word three is in itself an evil, and aflag having three colours will certainly produce a very badpsychological effect and is injurious to a country." Thus the National Flag was declared to be inauspicious and injuriousfor India!


The RSS since its inception loves absolute power. Golwalkar while addressing the 1350 top level cadres of the RSS at its headquarters at Nagpur in 1940 declared: The RSS inspired by one flag, one leader and one ideologyis lighting the flame of Hindutva in each and every corner ofthis great land. [MS Golwalkar, Shri Guruji Samagar Darshan (collected works of Golwalkar in Hindi), Bhartiya Vichar Sadhna, Nagpur, nd, vol. I, p. 11.] This slogan of one flag, one leader and one ideology was directly borrowed from the programmes of the Nazi and Fascist Parties of Europe.


On federalism Golwalkar sent the following message to the first session of the National Integration Council in 1961. It read: “Today's federal form of government not only gives birth butalso nourishes the feelings of separatism, in a way refuses torecognize the fact of one nation and destroys it. It must becompletely uprooted, constitution purified and unitary formof government be established. [MS Golwalkar, Shri Guruji Samagar Darshan (collected works of Golwalkar in Hindi), Bhartiya Vichar Sadhna, Nagpur, nd, vol. III, p. 128.]

These have not been some stray ideas of the RSS ideologue on the Indian Federalism. The Bible of the RSS, Bunch of Thoughts, has an exclusive chapter titled, ‘Wanted a unitary state' in which Golwalkar presenting his remedy to the federal set-upof India wrote: "The most important and effective step will be to bury deep for good all talk of a federal structure of our country's Constitution, to sweepaway the existence of all ‘autonomous' or semi-autonomous ‘states'within the one state viz., Bharat and proclaim ‘One Country, OneState, One Legislature, One Executive' with no trace offragmentational[sic], regional, sectarian, linguistic or other types of pridebeing given a scope for playing havoc with our integrated harmony.Let the Constitution be re-examined and re-drafted, so as to establishthis Unitary form of Government..." [MS Golwalkar, Bunch of Thoughts, Sahitya Sindhu, Bangalore, 1996, p. 227.]


Organizations like the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP), Hindu Jagran Manch (HJM) and Bajrang Dal (BD), and other affiliates of the RSS after using Gujarat as a laboratory for religious cleansing of minorities specially Christians and Muslims for last so many years are spreading their tentacle throughout India. The leaflets containing highly provocative statements like, “‘Muslims are filth of the gutter, don't let them enter in your houses',or ‘Wherever Christian priests have gone in the world, they loot thepeople. Lies and deceit are their religion. The Christian priests teachpeople to tell lies, to steal in the name of religion…They curse Hindus,and decry the Hindu religion. Awaken Hindus and struggle againstthese thieves who lie, who rob you of your rights, and bring thesepeople to their senses and put their pride in place', or ‘One additionin the population of Christians or Muslims is not only the addition ofanti-Hindu but anti-national person.'” [Leaflets circulated by the RSS offsprings like VHP, Hindu Jagaran Manch, and Bajrang Dal]

The ‘Holy' book for the RSS cadres Bunch of Thoughts, has a long chaptertitled as ‘Internal Threats' in which Muslims and Christians are described as threatnumber one and two respectively. This chapter opens with the following statement:

“It has been the tragic lesson of the history of many a country in theworld that the hostile elements within the country pose a far greatermenace to national security then aggressors from outside.” [MS Golwalkar, Bunch of Thoughts, Sahitya Sindhu, Bangalore, 1996, p. 177.]

While treating Muslims as hostile element number one he goes on to elaborate, “Even to this day there are so many who say, ‘now there is no Muslimproblem at all. All those riotous elements who supported Pakistan have gone away once for all. The remaining Muslims are devoted toour country. After all, they have no other place to go and they arebound to remain loyal'….It would be suicidal to delude ourselves intobelieving that they have turned patriots overnight after the creation ofPakistan. On the contrary, the Muslim menace has increased ahundredfold by the creation of Pakistan which has become aspringboard for all their future aggressive designs on our country.”

[MS Golwalkar, Bunch of Thoughts, Sahitya Sindhu, Bangalore, 1996, pp. 177-78.]

He goes on to spit venom against common Muslims in the following words: “...within the country there are so many Muslim pockets, i.e., so many ‘miniature Pakistans'… The conclusion is that, in practically every place, there are Muslims who are in constant touch with Pakistan over the transmitter…” [MS Golwalkar, Bunch of Thoughts, Sahitya Sindhu, Bangalore, 1996, p. 185.]

While deliberating on the ‘Internal Threat' number two, he says, “such is the role of Christian gentlemen residing in our land today, out to demolish not only the religious and social fabric of our life but also to establish political domination in various pockets and if possible all over the land.” [MS Golwalkar, Bunch of Thoughts, Sahitya Sindhu, Bangalore, 1996, p. 193.]

Golwalkar, finally, following into the footsteps of Hitler had the followingsolution of the minority problem in India: “From this stand point, sanctioned by the experience of shrewd oldnations, the foreign races in Hindusthan must either adopt the Hinduculture and language, must learn to respect and hold in reverenceHindu religion, must entertain no idea but those of the glorification ofthe Hindu race and culture, i.e., of the Hindu nation and must losetheir separate existence to merge in the Hindu race, or may stay in thecountry, wholly subordinated to the Hindu Nation, claiming nothing,deserving no privileges, far less any preferential treatment not evencitizen's rights. There is, at least should be, no other course for themto adopt. We are an old nation: let us deal, as old nations ought toand do deal, with the foreign races who have chosen to live in our country.” [MS Golwalkar, We Or Our Nationhood Defined, Bharat Publications, Nagpur, 1939, pp. 47-48.]

The RSS hatred for Muslims and Christians does not mean that it accords equality to other religious Indian minorities like Sikhs, Buddhist and Jains. It does not accord the status of independent religions to Sikhism, Buddhism and Jainism and treats them as part of Hinduism.


Importantly, the RSS organ Organizer in its issue on the very eve of Independence, dated 14 August, 1947, rejected the whole concept of a composite nation (under the editorial title ‘Whither'):

”Let us no longer allow ourselves to be influenced by false notions of nationhood. Much of the mental confusion and the present and future troubles can be removed by the ready recognition of the simple fact that in Hindusthan only the Hindus form the nation and the national structure must be built on that safe and sound foundation […] the nation itself must be built up of Hindus, on Hindu traditions, culture, ideas and aspirations”.



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