Cleansing India

Cleansing India
Cleansing India
 

by Fr Ambrose Pinto

 

In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, higher education was used by the powerful forces of nationalism in USSR, Germany, Italy, China and USA to shape national identities and serve narrow national interests. As a result higher education produced ideologues for Nazi Germany, fascist Italy, Communist Russia and China and even capitalist USA. It was a state controlled education with clear goals and objectives. Individuals were shaped by the ideology of the state; being subservient to the state designs, they promoted and contributed to the legitimacy of the state.  Is the BJP government in India following suit?

All of a sudden, the spirit of the Jawaharlal Nehru University in Delhi is under attack. A centre of higher learning that has always respected all points of view and held dialogues whenever dissension surfaced has been painted ‘anti-national’. To a party that is determined to move ahead with its fascist designs, the attack is no surprise. But the world is shocked at the brazen manner in which a prestigious university has been attacked, journalists, professors and students manhandled by rightist lawyers in court premises while police mutely watched and the legitimation of those attacks by the ruling party in the name of nationalism.

93 professors and intellectual luminaries from various international universities on Feb 17 issued a statement condemning the "shameful act" of invoking sedition laws against JNU students. The signatories to the statement include linguist-philosopher-social commentator Noam Chomsky, gender theorist Judith Butler, Nobel laureate author Orhan Pamuk, Columbia University's Sanskrit professor Sheldon Pollock, filmmaker Mira Nair and political scientist Thomas Ferguson. They said the actions of the Modi government replicated “the dark times of an oppressive colonial period” and the 1975 “Emergency”.

The BJP and its organizations have publicly stated that they are committed to 'cleanse' India of the 'pollution' caused by western culture by preparing independent road maps for the proposed culture 'cleansing' exercise which will involve curricula, art and cinema, science, technology and libraries. The promise made is to totally revamp all these institutions and academic programmes with a detailed roadmap.

Exit of Merit

There is a clear pattern in all that the Sangh Parivar is engaged in to bring about long-term changes in Indian state and society through education. Those uncomfortable to the party in power are either sacked or made to resign.  

When the NCERT Director Parvin Sinclair refused to toe the line of HRD Minister Smriti Irani she was ousted aborting the revision of the National Curriculum Framework 2005 she had initiated to “de-saffronise” education in the country. Nuclear scientist Anil Kakodkar resigned from IIT Bombay's governing body, following reports of differences with the HRD minister. Gopalkrishna Gandhi, the Chairman of Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, resigned once Modi took over as Prime Minister. Mahesh Rangarajan stepped down as director of the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library as he saw the BJP wanted him to go. Sandeep Pande, a progressive professor, was sacked from teaching in Banaras Hindu University (BHU) for his left-leaning views. These are some of the examples. Those opposed to the agenda of the Sangh Parivar are either kept out or made to resign by allegations not true.

Appointments Exercising control began through appointments of members of the BJP or those close to the BJP/RSS to important positions. With these ideologues, the government hopes to bring about more substantive changes in the content of education as envisaged by the RSS.

  In spite of vehement opposition from students, actor Gajendra Chauhan was appointed the Chairman of the Film and Television Institute of India, Pune.

Pro-RSS individuals such as Anagha Ghaisas, Narendra Pathak, Pranjal Saikia and Rahul Solapurkar have been appointed to the FTII society. The credentials of these are that they are loyal to the forces of the Sangh Parivar and are willing to further their agenda. There are more and more people of the kind taking on leadership positions in the universities.

 Chandrakala Padia was appointed as Chairperson of Indian Institute of Advanced Studies.  Girish Chandra Tripathi, a state level RSS functionary, was appointed as the Vice-Chancellor of BHU.

The only criterion to appoint Y Sudershan Rao as chairman of the Indian Council of Historical Research is his proximity to the RSS. A supporter of the caste system in India, he had stated his vision of re-writing India's history to prove the historicity of the Mahabharata and Ramayana. To make his work smooth in the organization, his reconstituted team are mostly office-bearers of RSS-backed Akhil Bharatiya Itihas Sankalan Yojana. 

Lokesh Chandra at 87, who should have lived a retired life, heads the Indian Council of Cultural Relations and claims that Modi is a greater leader than Gandhi. That makes him eligible to head the institute.

Baldev Sharma, former editor of RSS mouthpiece   Panchjanya, is appointed as chairman of the National Book Trust in March last year. Vishram Ramchandra Jamdar, a professed RSS swayamsevak, is appointed as the head of Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur even when he was not among the four shortlisted candidates for the post.

 Pahlaj Nihalani, the newly appointed Censor Board of Film Certificate chairman, was the brain behind the BJP's ' Har har  Modi,  Modi' campaign during the last Lok Sabha elections.

 Many of the recent appointments at Prasar Bharti have been of people affiliated to the Sangh in direct or indirect ways. Perhaps the most crucial of these appointees is A Surya Prakash as the body's chairman who was consulting editor of the Pioneer and a distinguished fellow at the Vivekananda International Foundation, a Delhi-based pro-RSS think tank that was earlier headed by current National Security Adviser Ajit Doval. These bodies exercise large influence. Now that they are appointed, they will make similar appointments from the fold to these bodies.

Is higher education controlled?

Baba Ramdev with the members of Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram attend the meeting of Unnat Bharat Yojana anchored by IIT, Delhi, where recommendations are made to research on genetic code of bulls, cows and cow-based agriculture. With an international reputation for academics why did IIT Delhi allow something that was hardly an academic exercise? The answer is simple. The Institutes are too afraid to stand up and wants to be a part of the establishment. The reputed institutions like the IITs and IIMs and others are inviting right-wing ideologues to be on the right side of the establishment. These ideologues are influencing trade, business and culture.  The proposal to have separate vegetarian canteens in IIMs, IITs and other major universities was another one of those acts to sharply divide institutions. Contentious issues like beef and Ram Mandir have begun to create strife in campuses.  With the meet in the Delhi University campus on Ram Mandir, the fire of saffronisation is already lit. With the appointment of more and more party ideologues as  Vice-Chancellors and Directors of institutes aggressive proposals are made for introducing courses in yoga, Sanskrit and culture. The ICCR allegedly is putting pressure on universities to create chairs in cultural studies to be named after Vivekananda - a figure the RSS has adopted into the pantheon of Hindutva icons - and, even more controversially, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya, whose contribution to culture remains unknown. IIT Madras had de-recognised the Ambedkar-Periyar Study Circle. Why should discussions and debates be ever banned in educational institutions in a democratic state? These institutions were created for the purpose of making students aware of the national icons who shared an ideology of social transformation. However when the powers in Delhi decided for ban of the organization those in the administration obliged. Similar actions are repeated in other institutions as well. ABVP across campuses has been given the responsibility of raising the slogan of anti-nationalism wherever democratic aspirations are expressed and the Ministry of Human Resource Development promptly swoops in to act. This is what happened in the Hyderabad University as well. ducational institutions that question have become anathema. Given their anti-intellectualism the BJP-RSS government is unable to have a dialogue with institutions such as the JNU or Hyderabad and other similar universities. These universities known for critical thought exploring new knowledge and relating knowledge to the existing reality have come under attack. Sub-standard universities that conform to education as learning by rote are not interfered with. Intellectually impoverished, they do not pose a threat to the beliefs, dogmas and myths of the RSS.  There is an unexplained fear of those who dare to stand up. The fear of course is due to insecurity that these institutions would unlikely accept an imposed syllabi, courses and methods of teaching emanating from the think tanks of the RSS. Unfortunately, there has not been a national outcry against the sudden and subtle transformation of education to suit the agenda of the party in power. The opposition started making some noise only after the institutional murder of Rohit Vemula in Hyderabad and the arrest of Kanhaiya Kumar, the President of the JNU students’ union. These two incidents are outcomes of an imposed agenda. Policing in campuses is on the increase. There is big brother watching with cameras the entire campus life. Not only the world of ideas is controlled but even human behaviour in campuses remains controlled more and more.  Already freedom is curbed and insecurity is instilled in the system. A few Universities that are known for their autonomy of thought and expression are gradually made to conform. What is required by all the political parties and civil society groups is an opposition to the RSS ideology. Higher education in the country needs to be protected from the clutches of the communal and fascist forces.

The writer is Principal of St. Aloysius Degree College, Bangalore)

- See more at: http://www.indiancurrents.org/cleansing-india-982.php#sthash.RlEwInUt.dpuf
In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, higher education was used by the powerful forces of nationalism in USSR, Germany, Italy, China and USA to shape national identities and serve narrow national interests. As a result higher education produced ideologues for Nazi Germany, fascist Italy, Communist Russia and China and even capitalist USA. It was a state controlled education with clear goals and objectives. Individuals were shaped by the ideology of the state; being subservient to the state designs, they promoted and contributed to the legitimacy of the state.  Is the BJP government in India following suit?

All of a sudden, the spirit of the Jawaharlal Nehru University in Delhi is under attack. A centre of higher learning that has always respected all points of view and held dialogues whenever dissension surfaced has been painted ‘anti-national’. To a party that is determined to move ahead with its fascist designs, the attack is no surprise. But the world is shocked at the brazen manner in which a prestigious university has been attacked, journalists, professors and students manhandled by rightist lawyers in court premises while police mutely watched and the legitimation of those attacks by the ruling party in the name of nationalism.

93 professors and intellectual luminaries from various international universities on Feb 17 issued a statement condemning the "shameful act" of invoking sedition laws against JNU students. The signatories to the statement include linguist-philosopher-social commentator Noam Chomsky, gender theorist Judith Butler, Nobel laureate author Orhan Pamuk, Columbia University's Sanskrit professor Sheldon Pollock, filmmaker Mira Nair and political scientist Thomas Ferguson. They said the actions of the Modi government replicated “the dark times of an oppressive colonial period” and the 1975 “Emergency”.

The BJP and its organizations have publicly stated that they are committed to 'cleanse' India of the 'pollution' caused by western culture by preparing independent road maps for the proposed culture 'cleansing' exercise which will involve curricula, art and cinema, science, technology and libraries. The promise made is to totally revamp all these institutions and academic programmes with a detailed roadmap.

Exit of Merit

There is a clear pattern in all that the Sangh Parivar is engaged in to bring about long-term changes in Indian state and society through education. Those uncomfortable to the party in power are either sacked or made to resign.  

When the NCERT Director Parvin Sinclair refused to toe the line of HRD Minister Smriti Irani she was ousted aborting the revision of the National Curriculum Framework 2005 she had initiated to “de-saffronise” education in the country. Nuclear scientist Anil Kakodkar resigned from IIT Bombay's governing body, following reports of differences with the HRD minister. Gopalkrishna Gandhi, the Chairman of Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, resigned once Modi took over as Prime Minister. Mahesh Rangarajan stepped down as director of the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library as he saw the BJP wanted him to go. Sandeep Pande, a progressive professor, was sacked from teaching in Banaras Hindu University (BHU) for his left-leaning views. These are some of the examples. Those opposed to the agenda of the Sangh Parivar are either kept out or made to resign by allegations not true.

Appointments Exercising control began through appointments of members of the BJP or those close to the BJP/RSS to important positions. With these ideologues, the government hopes to bring about more substantive changes in the content of education as envisaged by the RSS.

  In spite of vehement opposition from students, actor Gajendra Chauhan was appointed the Chairman of the Film and Television Institute of India, Pune.

Pro-RSS individuals such as Anagha Ghaisas, Narendra Pathak, Pranjal Saikia and Rahul Solapurkar have been appointed to the FTII society. The credentials of these are that they are loyal to the forces of the Sangh Parivar and are willing to further their agenda. There are more and more people of the kind taking on leadership positions in the universities.

 Chandrakala Padia was appointed as Chairperson of Indian Institute of Advanced Studies.  Girish Chandra Tripathi, a state level RSS functionary, was appointed as the Vice-Chancellor of BHU.

The only criterion to appoint Y Sudershan Rao as chairman of the Indian Council of Historical Research is his proximity to the RSS. A supporter of the caste system in India, he had stated his vision of re-writing India's history to prove the historicity of the Mahabharata and Ramayana. To make his work smooth in the organization, his reconstituted team are mostly office-bearers of RSS-backed Akhil Bharatiya Itihas Sankalan Yojana. 

Lokesh Chandra at 87, who should have lived a retired life, heads the Indian Council of Cultural Relations and claims that Modi is a greater leader than Gandhi. That makes him eligible to head the institute.

Baldev Sharma, former editor of RSS mouthpiece   Panchjanya, is appointed as chairman of the National Book Trust in March last year. Vishram Ramchandra Jamdar, a professed RSS swayamsevak, is appointed as the head of Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur even when he was not among the four shortlisted candidates for the post.

 Pahlaj Nihalani, the newly appointed Censor Board of Film Certificate chairman, was the brain behind the BJP's ' Har har  Modi,  Modi' campaign during the last Lok Sabha elections.

 Many of the recent appointments at Prasar Bharti have been of people affiliated to the Sangh in direct or indirect ways. Perhaps the most crucial of these appointees is A Surya Prakash as the body's chairman who was consulting editor of the Pioneer and a distinguished fellow at the Vivekananda International Foundation, a Delhi-based pro-RSS think tank that was earlier headed by current National Security Adviser Ajit Doval. These bodies exercise large influence. Now that they are appointed, they will make similar appointments from the fold to these bodies.

Is higher education controlled?

Baba Ramdev with the members of Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram attend the meeting of Unnat Bharat Yojana anchored by IIT, Delhi, where recommendations are made to research on genetic code of bulls, cows and cow-based agriculture. With an international reputation for academics why did IIT Delhi allow something that was hardly an academic exercise? The answer is simple. The Institutes are too afraid to stand up and wants to be a part of the establishment. The reputed institutions like the IITs and IIMs and others are inviting right-wing ideologues to be on the right side of the establishment. These ideologues are influencing trade, business and culture.  The proposal to have separate vegetarian canteens in IIMs, IITs and other major universities was another one of those acts to sharply divide institutions. Contentious issues like beef and Ram Mandir have begun to create strife in campuses.  With the meet in the Delhi University campus on Ram Mandir, the fire of saffronisation is already lit. With the appointment of more and more party ideologues as  Vice-Chancellors and Directors of institutes aggressive proposals are made for introducing courses in yoga, Sanskrit and culture. The ICCR allegedly is putting pressure on universities to create chairs in cultural studies to be named after Vivekananda - a figure the RSS has adopted into the pantheon of Hindutva icons - and, even more controversially, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya, whose contribution to culture remains unknown. IIT Madras had de-recognised the Ambedkar-Periyar Study Circle. Why should discussions and debates be ever banned in educational institutions in a democratic state? These institutions were created for the purpose of making students aware of the national icons who shared an ideology of social transformation. However when the powers in Delhi decided for ban of the organization those in the administration obliged. Similar actions are repeated in other institutions as well. ABVP across campuses has been given the responsibility of raising the slogan of anti-nationalism wherever democratic aspirations are expressed and the Ministry of Human Resource Development promptly swoops in to act. This is what happened in the Hyderabad University as well. ducational institutions that question have become anathema. Given their anti-intellectualism the BJP-RSS government is unable to have a dialogue with institutions such as the JNU or Hyderabad and other similar universities. These universities known for critical thought exploring new knowledge and relating knowledge to the existing reality have come under attack. Sub-standard universities that conform to education as learning by rote are not interfered with. Intellectually impoverished, they do not pose a threat to the beliefs, dogmas and myths of the RSS.  There is an unexplained fear of those who dare to stand up. The fear of course is due to insecurity that these institutions would unlikely accept an imposed syllabi, courses and methods of teaching emanating from the think tanks of the RSS. Unfortunately, there has not been a national outcry against the sudden and subtle transformation of education to suit the agenda of the party in power. The opposition started making some noise only after the institutional murder of Rohit Vemula in Hyderabad and the arrest of Kanhaiya Kumar, the President of the JNU students’ union. These two incidents are outcomes of an imposed agenda. Policing in campuses is on the increase. There is big brother watching with cameras the entire campus life. Not only the world of ideas is controlled but even human behaviour in campuses remains controlled more and more.  Already freedom is curbed and insecurity is instilled in the system. A few Universities that are known for their autonomy of thought and expression are gradually made to conform. What is required by all the political parties and civil society groups is an opposition to the RSS ideology. Higher education in the country needs to be protected from the clutches of the communal and fascist forces.

The writer is Principal of St. Aloysius Degree College, Bangalore)

- See more at: http://www.indiancurrents.org/cleansing-india-982.php#sthash.RlEwInUt.dpuf

In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, higher education was used by the powerful forces of nationalism in USSR, Germany, Italy, China and USA to shape national identities and serve narrow national interests. As a result higher education produced ideologues for Nazi Germany, fascist Italy, Communist Russia and China and even capitalist USA. It was a state controlled education with clear goals and objectives. Individuals were shaped by the ideology of the state; being subservient to the state designs, they promoted and contributed to the legitimacy of the state. Is the BJP government in India following suit?

 

All of a sudden, the spirit of the Jawaharlal Nehru University in Delhi is under attack. A centre of higher learning that has always respected all points of view and held dialogues whenever dissension surfaced has been painted ‘anti-national’. To a party that is determined to move ahead with its fascist designs, the attack is no surprise. But the world is shocked at the brazen manner in which a prestigious university has been attacked, journalists, professors and students manhandled by rightist lawyers in court premises while police mutely watched and the legitimation of those attacks by the ruling party in the name of nationalism.

 

93 professors and intellectual luminaries from various international universities on Feb 17 issued a statement condemning the "shameful act" of invoking sedition laws against JNU students. The signatories to the statement include linguist-philosopher-social commentator Noam Chomsky, gender theorist Judith Butler, Nobel laureate author Orhan Pamuk, Columbia University's Sanskrit professor Sheldon Pollock, filmmaker Mira Nair and political scientist Thomas Ferguson. They said the actions of the Modi government replicated “the dark times of an oppressive colonial period” and the 1975 “Emergency”.

 

The BJP and its organizations have publicly stated that they are committed to 'cleanse' India of the 'pollution' caused by western culture by preparing independent road maps for the proposed culture 'cleansing' exercise which will involve curricula, art and cinema, science, technology and libraries. The promise made is to totally revamp all these institutions and academic programmes with a detailed roadmap.

 

Exit of Merit

There is a clear pattern in all that the Sangh Parivar is engaged in to bring about long-term changes in Indian state and society through education. Those uncomfortable to the party in power are either sacked or made to resign.

 

When the NCERT Director Parvin Sinclair refused to toe the line of HRD Minister Smriti Irani she was ousted aborting the revision of the National Curriculum Framework 2005 she had initiated to “de-saffronise” education in the country. Nuclear scientist Anil Kakodkar resigned from IIT Bombay's governing body, following reports of differences with the HRD minister. Gopalkrishna Gandhi, the Chairman of Indian Institute of Advanced Studies, resigned once Modi took over as Prime Minister. Mahesh Rangarajan stepped down as director of the Nehru Memorial Museum and Library as he saw the BJP wanted him to go. Sandeep Pande, a progressive professor, was sacked from teaching in Banaras Hindu University (BHU) for his left-leaning views. These are some of the examples. Those opposed to the agenda of the Sangh Parivar are either kept out or made to resign by allegations not true.


Appointments

 

Exercising control began through appointments of members of the BJP or those close to the BJP/RSS to important positions. With these ideologues, the government hopes to bring about more substantive changes in the content of education as envisaged by the RSS.

 

In spite of vehement opposition from students, actor Gajendra Chauhan was appointed the Chairman of the Film and Television Institute of India, Pune.

 

Pro-RSS individuals such as Anagha Ghaisas, Narendra Pathak, Pranjal Saikia and Rahul Solapurkar have been appointed to the FTII society. The credentials of these are that they are loyal to the forces of the Sangh Parivar and are willing to further their agenda. There are more and more people of the kind taking on leadership positions in the universities.

 

Chandrakala Padia was appointed as Chairperson of Indian Institute of Advanced Studies. Girish Chandra Tripathi, a state level RSS functionary, was appointed as the Vice-Chancellor of BHU.

 

The only criterion to appoint Y Sudershan Rao as chairman of the Indian Council of Historical Research is his proximity to the RSS. A supporter of the caste system in India, he had stated his vision of re-writing India's history to prove the historicity of the Mahabharata and Ramayana. To make his work smooth in the organization, his reconstituted team are mostly office-bearers of RSS-backed Akhil Bharatiya Itihas Sankalan Yojana.

 

Lokesh Chandra at 87, who should have lived a retired life, heads the Indian Council of Cultural Relations and claims that Modi is a greater leader than Gandhi. That makes him eligible to head the institute.

 

Baldev Sharma, former editor of RSS mouthpiece Panchjanya, is appointed as chairman of the National Book Trust in March last year. Vishram Ramchandra Jamdar, a professed RSS swayamsevak, is appointed as the head of Visvesvaraya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur even when he was not among the four shortlisted candidates for the post.

 

Pahlaj Nihalani, the newly appointed Censor Board of Film Certificate chairman, was the brain behind the BJP's ' Har har Modi, Ghar ghar Modi' campaign during the last Lok Sabha elections.

 

Many of the recent appointments at Prasar Bharti have been of people affiliated to the Sangh in direct or indirect ways. Perhaps the most crucial of these appointees is A Surya Prakash as the body's chairman who was consulting editor of the Pioneer and a distinguished fellow at the Vivekananda International Foundation, a Delhi-based pro-RSS think tank that was earlier headed by current National Security Adviser Ajit Doval. These bodies exercise large influence. Now that they are appointed, they will make similar appointments from the fold to these bodies.

 

Is higher education controlled?

Baba Ramdev with the members of Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram attend the meeting of Unnat Bharat Yojana anchored by IIT, Delhi, where recommendations are made to research on genetic code of bulls, cows and cow-based agriculture. With an international reputation for academics why did IIT Delhi allow something that was hardly an academic exercise? The answer is simple. The Institutes are too afraid to stand up and wants to be a part of the establishment.


The reputed institutions like the IITs and IIMs and others are inviting right-wing ideologues to be on the right side of the establishment. These ideologues are influencing trade, business and culture.


The proposal to have separate vegetarian canteens in IIMs, IITs and other major universities was another one of those acts to sharply divide institutions. Contentious issues like beef and Ram Mandir have begun to create strife in campuses. With the meet in the Delhi University campus on Ram Mandir, the fire of saffronisation is already lit.


With the appointment of more and more party ideologues as Vice-Chancellors and Directors of institutes aggressive proposals are made for introducing courses in yoga, Sanskrit and culture. The ICCR allegedly is putting pressure on universities to create chairs in cultural studies to be named after Vivekananda - a figure the RSS has adopted into the pantheon of Hindutva icons - and, even more controversially, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya, whose contribution to culture remains unknown.
IIT Madras had de-recognised the Ambedkar-Periyar Study Circle. Why should discussions and debates be ever banned in educational institutions in a democratic state? These institutions were created for the purpose of making students aware of the national icons who shared an ideology of social transformation. However when the powers in Delhi decided for ban of the organization those in the administration obliged.


Similar actions are repeated in other institutions as well. ABVP across campuses has been given the responsibility of raising the slogan of anti-nationalism wherever democratic aspirations are expressed and the Ministry of Human Resource Development promptly swoops in to act. This is what happened in the Hyderabad University as well.


E ducational institutions that question have become anathema. Given their anti-intellectualism the BJP-RSS government is unable to have a dialogue with institutions such as the JNU or Hyderabad and other similar universities. These universities known for critical thought exploring new knowledge and relating knowledge to the existing reality have come under attack.


Sub-standard universities that conform to education as learning by rote are not interfered with. Intellectually impoverished, they do not pose a threat to the beliefs, dogmas and myths of the RSS.


There is an unexplained fear of those who dare to stand up. The fear of course is due to insecurity that these institutions would unlikely accept an imposed syllabi, courses and methods of teaching emanating from the think tanks of the RSS.

 

Unfortunately, there has not been a national outcry against the sudden and subtle transformation of education to suit the agenda of the party in power. The opposition started making some noise only after the institutional murder of Rohit Vemula in Hyderabad and the arrest of Kanhaiya Kumar, the President of the JNU students’ union. These two incidents are outcomes of an imposed agenda. Policing in campuses is on the increase. There is big brother watching with cameras the entire campus life. Not only the world of ideas is controlled but even human behaviour in campuses remains controlled more and more. Already freedom is curbed and insecurity is instilled in the system. A few Universities that are known for their autonomy of thought and expression are gradually made to conform. What is required by all the political parties and civil society groups is an opposition to the RSS ideology. Higher education in the country needs to be protected from the clutches of the communal and fascist forces.

( The writer is Principal of St. Aloysius Degree College, Bangalore)

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